Thursday, July 6, 2017

19th Century Photographers - William M. Phipps


This is a special page for a cabinet card by a very interesting photographer from the collection of rfinch on Ancestry.com



from the collection of
rfinch on Ancestry.com

William M. Phipps
(1846 - 1917?)

1846
William M Phipps born in VA
1866
Washington, DC, as photographer; bds 43 4 ½ west
1867
Washington, DC, city directory as photographer at 381 13th w
1868
Washington, DC, city directory as photographer at 12 Market Space
1869
Washington, DC, city records William M Phipps marries Anna F Hough
1870
US census William Phipps as photographer w/wife Anna F
1870 - 1874
Washington, DC, city directory as photographer at 925 7th nw
1878 - 1879
Washington, DC, city directory, as phtgrphr at 319 PA av; res 335 PA av
1880
US census Washington, CD, as photographer at 708 7th nw
1881
District of Columbia city directory William M as phtgrphr at 708 7th nw

1890 - 1891
Washington, DC, city directory as photographer at 425 7th nw
1892
Washington, DC, city directory William M Phipps as photographer at 425 7th nw; William L Phipps as photographer listed at same address.
1893 and 1894
Washington, DC, city directory William M Phipps not shown; Frank N Phipps, William F Phipps and William L Phipps all three listed as photographers at 425 7th nw;
1893
Baltimore, MD, city directory No photographer Phipps listed
1894
Baltimore, MD, city directory lists John J Powell photographer at 425 e Balto; No photographer Phipps listed
1895
Washington, DC, city directory lists only William F Phipps as photographer at 425 7th nw
1895
Baltimore, MD, city directory William F, William M and Frank N Phipps NOT listed; Central Photo Studio is listed at 427 e Balto

1896
Washington, DC, city directory William F, William L and Frank N Phipps NOT listed; Benjamin Gottwals now listed at 425 7th nw
1896
Baltimore, MD, city directory William F, William M and Frank N Phipps NOT listed; Central Photo Studio is listed at 427 e Balto
1897
Washington, DC, city directory lists Daniel Ryder now at 425 7th nw
1897 - 1903
Baltimore, MD, city directory William M Phipps as photographer at 427 e Balto
(1900 - 1903 city directory has Frank F Phipps also as photographer at same address)
1904
Baltimore, MD, city directory as photographer; this location is completely destroyed in the great fire of Baltimore, MD, 07 Feb 1904
1905
Baltimore, MD, city directory as photographer (William L) at 644 w Balto; William M Phipps Jr as photographer at same address (reversal of names probably a printing error)
-----continued on next row-----


1906
Baltimore, MD, city directory as William M Phipps, photographer at 644 w Balto; William L. Phipps as photographer at same address
1907
Baltimore, MD, city directory William M as photographer at 1609 Ludlow
1908
Baltimore, MD, city directory William M as photographer at 210 Park av; res same
1909
Baltimore, MD, city directory William M Phipps NOT listed in directory
1900- 1917
Baltimore, MD, city directory as photographer at 1316 PA av; res same
1917 Dec 05
Baltimore (MD) Sun, news item William M. Phipps found destitute, age 73, in studio at 1316 PA av (see column three)
1918
Baltimore, MD, city directory, William M Phipps NOT listed

Photographer W W Morris, reviewed on another page, was enumerated in the same census twice in the same month in different locations. W M Phipps of Baltimore, MD, was obviously skipped entirely by a census enumerator. A lengthy, page by page line by line review of the 1900 US census, Baltimore, MD, ward 2, district 031 (11 pages) was required to prove this. District 030 and 032 had to be checked too, just to make sure. The conclusion is that the enumerator skipped most of the 400 block of East Baltimore. So Mr. Phipps won’t turn up in any searches because he isn’t there.

There is one entry for 425 East Baltimore, Matilda Wagner, also a photographer, and her four children. 425 would be next door to 427 Baltimore, where Mr Phipps was working and living. The Baltimore city directories show him at that address steadily from 1897 to February of 1904 when his studio was burned in a fire.

And not just A fire, it was THE fire. The Baltimore city fire of 1904 was the largest city fire in US history since the Chicago fire of 1871. Loss estimates went to 200 million in 1904 dollars. It forced Mr. Phipps to re-open his studio on west Baltimore at 644, the following year.

Mr. Phipps could not be found in the obituaries. No one seems to know when he died. An article in the Baltimore Sun tells what might have happened.

Baltimore (MD) Sun - 95 Dec 1917

After that date, there are no further city directory listings, or any other records for that matter. It must be that he died then or shortly after.

After the 1870 and 1880 appearances in the US census, Anna, the wife of Mr Phipps, seems to disappear too.

The cabinet card here would have been finished in that period 1890 and 1893, when Wm. Phipps was still in the District of Columbia, at 425 7th st.

But what of the other photographers Phipps: William L, William F and Frank N? We see them mentioned in District of Columbia directories in 1893 and 1894 and then nothing. Maybe the following newspaper clipping explains at least one of them. It is largely speculation, but it is believed that the photographer here is William L Phipps, one of the two sons mentioned in the US census of 1880.


Harrisburg (PA) Daily Independent - 14 Mar 1916


Harrisburg (PA) Telegraph - 16 Mar 1916

Harrisburg (PA) Telegraph - 16 Mar 1916

Harrisburg (PA)Telegraph - 10 May 1916

Mount Carmel (PA) Item - 10 May 1916



Most often a found photograph is of unknown people by an unknown photographer. Occasionally the names of the people in a photograph are written on it later. But, very seldom do we ever learn the name of the photographer.

In the case of the Cabinet Card

and the Carte de Viste (CDV) the photographer's name or studio name is often included as part of the mounting. It is sometimes at the narrow end of the mounting board on the front and sometimes it is given in an elaborate fashion on the reverse of the card.


These pages of the LOST GALLERY will present all of the CABINET CARDS in the collection where the photographer is known.

The name of the photographer will be repeated in the text so that it can be included in internet searches by Google and Bing and the rest.

As more information about the photographer emerges it will be added here.

This is a project in progress. If you don't find something here on a photographer you are researching, check back again.


Below are the links to the alphabetized pages in the LOST GALLERY cabinet card collection.

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

There are MANY photographs on each page so they might load slowly.


A few additional ways to date cabinet cards

Card stock
1866–1880: square, lightweight mount
1880–1890: square, heavy weight card stock
1890s: scalloped edges

Card colors
1866–1880:
thin, light weight card stock in white, off white or light cream; white and light colours were used in later years, but generally on heavier card stock

1880–1890:
different colors for face and back of mounts

1882–1888:
matte-finish front, with a creamy-yellow, glossy back

(From WIki)

Borders
1866–1880: red or gold rules, single and double lines
1884–1885: wide gold borders
1885–1892: gold beveled edges
1889–1896: rounded corner rule of single line
1890s on: Embossed borders and/or lettering

(From Wiki)



For more information on dating Cabinet Cards see PHOTOTREE

Lettering
1866–1879 Photographer name and address often printed small and neatly just below the image, and/or studio name printed small on back.

1880s on: Large, ornate text for photographer name and address, especially in cursive style. Studio name often takes up the entire back of the card.

Late 1880s–90s Gold text on black card stock

1890s on: embossed studio name or other embossed designs

(From Wiki)

Go back to THE MAIN INDEX PAGE
There are now more than 8,000 photographs in the Lost Gallery.
Or try out the NEW BACK PAGE INDEX


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