Thursday, December 1, 2016

Cabinet Card Photographers of the 19th Century -M-


Most often a found photograph is of unknown people by an unknown photographer. Occasionally the names of the people in a photograph are written on it later. But, very seldom do we ever learn the name of the photographer.

In the case of the Cabinet Card and the Carte de Viste (CDV) the photographer's name or studio name is often included as part of the mounting. It is sometimes at

the narrow end of the mounting board on the front and sometimes it is given in an elaborate fashion on the reverse of the card.

These pages of the LOST GALLERY will present all of the CABINET CARDS in the collection where the photographer is known.

The name of the photographer will be

repeated in the text so that it can be included in internet searches by Google and Bing and the rest.

As more information about the photographer emerges it will be added here.

This is a project in progress. If you don't find something here on a photographer you are researching, check back again.


Below are the links to the alphabetized pages in the LOST GALLERY cabinet card collection.

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

There are MANY photographs on each page so they might load slowly.



Seated Man cabinet card
Photographer:Jos. J. Machann
Dallas, Lyons and Smithville

Joseph Justin Machann
(Jan 1871 - 07 Dec 1928)

In his short life, Jos. J. Machann was an enterprising individual apparently. He was a merchant, dealt in real estate and was a postmaster of Cistern, Fayette, TX, but nowhere in his records does it mention “photographer”.

It’s just a guess only: perhaps he handled it only as a side line while he operated his general merchandise stores in Schulenberg,TX, and Cystern, TX, from about 1900 to 1910.

Gray skies are gonna clear up.
Photographer: H. Manderfeld
Gainseville, Texas

Hubert Manderfeld (3 Nov 1851 - 1 Jan 1917)

Hubert Manderfeld immigrated to the US the same year he was born. His family settled in Minnesota. Sometime between 1885 and 1900, Hubert Manderfeld moved to Gainesville, TX, where he worked as a photographer until his death.

Records show he relocated his studio at least three times, so the addresses and dates might help date a cabinet card.

1900
(US Census) 1105 Truelove
1907
(city directory) 205 n Commerce
1910
(city directory) 218 n Commerce
1913
(city directory) 11 w Elm

The cabinet card at the left could have been done any time between about 1900 and 1916.


Cabinet Card portrait of a woman
Photographer is Mansfield
245 Analby Road
Hull, UK

LOST GALLERY is researching only US photographers currently. UK photographers are a future project.


Man and fringe chair
Photographer: E. M. Marschall
Honey Grove, Texas

Edward M. Marschall
(9 Dec 1850 - 9 Jan 1897)

E. M. Marschall was born in Barnwell, SC. He was orphaned by the time he was 8 years old. The 1870 US Census finds him working as a clerk in a relative’s store still in South Carolina.

A 1878 tax roll shows him in Honey Grove, TX. The first and only mention of photography is the 1880 US Census.

He apparently partnered with a Brekeen in a pharmacy or general store as there are several mentions of the operation in the Honey Grove Signal, the town newspaper.

He is mentioned again in the 1895 Honey Grove tax roll and then he dies in 1897 at the age of 46.

He apparently practiced photography as a sideline as there doesn’t seem to be any mention of it other than the 1880 US Census. The cabinet card here was probably done near that year.




Cabinet Card man with beard
Photographer: Gilkey & Martin
226 S. Main
Ottawa, Kansas
Before 1894

It appears that the Martin of “Gilkey and Martin” was actually William H. “Dad” Martin who began the “Tall Tales” postcard business. These were cards depicting giant grasshoppers, rabbits, cabbages or onions, promoting some exaggerated comical tall tale.

Martin took over the photograph studio from Gilkey in 1894 and began making his photo-montage comic cards.

He sold the photography studio the next year in 1895, to work full time on his post card business.

He became very wealthy and sold the postcard business in 1912. He then started the National Sign Company.

Interesting Links
The In-Between
Smithsonian American Art Museum

Cabinet Card Portrait young woman
Photographer: Gilkey & Martin
226 S. Main Street
Ottawa, Kansas

John Henry Gilkey
(13 Jun 1853 - 22 Mar 1923)

The records are a bit sketchy but apparently Gilkey and Martin worked together between 1886 and 1894. After that Martin worked alone as a photographer until he sold his studio in 1895.

It is important to note that although John H. Gilkey is the only Gilkey found in the Ottawa, KS, area between 1886 and 1923 he is never noted as photographer in any document found so far.

John H. Gilkey arrived in Ottawa about 1903. He apparently left the photography business to do farming and the directories and census reflect that he is living in Richmond, a farming community just outside of Ottawa, KS. Richmond is included in the Ottawa city directory. He dies in 1923.

1853
Gilkey born in PA
1870
(US Census) Gilkey at 17 is in Lackawannock, PA
1880
(US Census) Gilkey at 27 is in Lackawannock, PA
1884
(Ottawa city directory) No Gilkey, Calvert, MacDonald or W. H. Martin are listed

1886
(US Census 1900/KS reg) Gilkey and Elizabeth A Calvert marry
1900
(US Census) Gilkey as farmer w/Lizzie in Richmond, KS
1903
(Ottawa city directory) Gilkey as farmer w/Lizzie in Richmond, KS; Martin is not listed
1910
(US Census, Ottawa city directory) Gilkey as farmer w/Lizzie in Richmond, KS;
1913
(Ottawa city directory) Gilkey as farmer w/Lizzie in Richmond, KS
1915
(KS state Census) Gilkey as farmer w/Lizzie in Richmond, KS
1920
(US Census) Gilkey as farmer w/Lizzie in Richmond, KS
1921
(Ottawa city directory0 Gilkey as farmer w/Lizzie in Richmond, KS
1923
(FindAGrave) Gilkey dies 23 Mar;

The cabinet cards imprinted with Gilkey and Martin were probably done between about 1886 and 1894

Cabinet Card  young woman
Photographer: Martin
226 S Main Street
Ottawa, Kansas

William H. Martin
(1865-1940)
1865
born in Illinois
1886
(Ottawa city directory) Martin as photographer with E. H. Corwin in Ottawa
1888
(US Census) Martin and Goldie A. MacDonald marry
1894
(In-Between website) Martin buys Corwin studio (actually Corwin probably just moves out);
1900
(US Census) as photographer in Ottawa, KS
1903
(Ottawa city directory) as photographer at 226 s Main, Ottawa, KS (Corwin studio at 209 s Main)
1908
(Web Sources) Martin issues first “Tall Tale” postcard

1909
(Web Sources) Closes photo studio to concentrate on postcard business
1910
(US Census) as photographer but soon closes the studio to concentrate on the postcard business; wife Goldie dies
1912
(Web Sources) about here Martin sold off the comic post card business
1920
(US Census) as merchant
1921
(Ottawa city directory) as National Sign co at 1204 s Main
1940
(FindaGrave) dies in Ottawa, KS

Just below are three examples of the "Exaggerated Post Cards" developed by William H. "Dad" Martin




Example of William H. "Dad" Martin Exaggerated Postcard

Cabinet Card small child and drapes
Photographer: Masten
Weir City, Kas
Cabinet Card Three boys
Photographer: Masten
Weir City, Kansas
Cabinet Card woman
Photographer: Masten
Weir City, Kas.


No definite biography or time line has been developed for S. L Masten. An S. L. Masten was found in one Kansas Gazetteer for 1904 in Weir, KS. Another connection found was S. L. Masters, Des Moines, IA, 1871. The two are probably not connected.

Weir is a very small town in the south east corner of Kansas and it was even smaller in 1904. Although the Gazetteer says it has a population of 3,600, there are only about 150 names listed, living in the city. Two of them are photographers. R. L. Thorpe is also listed in that city.

Note that all three of the cards at the left have different imprints.


Cabinet Card baby
Photographer:
W. M. McBride
Durant I. T.
(Indian Territory
Cabinet Card Woman
Photographer:
W. M. McBride
Durant, IT
(Indian Terrirory)

No research has been done on McBride of IT (Indian Territory)

Note also that the card on the far left was found in Gainsevill, Texas, just a few miles south of Durant, Oklahoma. The card on the near left was found in Emporia, Kansas.


Cabinet Card - Man with mustache
Photographer: McCahon, J. C.
Newirk, Ohio

John C. McCahon
(1828 - 1896)

1828
Born in Ireland
1866
(Ohio Photographers) McCahan in Utica,
1870
(Ohio Photographers) Cottage Photograph Gallery in Roscoe and Utica
1870
(Ohio Photographers) McCahan, D Westerville
1877
(Columbus, OH, city Directory) Not in this directory
1878
(Columbus, OH, city directory) as photographer at Beal Block

1878-1879
(Ohio Photographers) I. Westerville
1880
(Ohio Photographers) Opened studio in Newark, OH
1893
Suffers stroke, wife Isabella and daughters Blanche and Bertha continue the studio
1896
John McCahon dies
1896 - 1918
Blanche carries on the business in Newark, OH, and then moves to Mansfield, OH
1920’s approx.
Blanche opens own studio
1938
Blanch ends operations.


The cabinet card at the left must have been done around 1880 to 1918 when Blanche moved to Mansfield, OH. While she maintained the studio after her father’s death, she probably used the printed cards in stock.

Newark Advocate
20 Jun 1894


Henry Edward Fraser
Photographer: McFadden
6 Winter St,. Boston

The sketchy story of photographer James A. McFadden was even made more difficult because there was another James McFadden living in the same town, at the same time, with fathers with the same first name, John. The two James A. McFaddens even lived in the same boarding house one year. The second James McFadden was just two years younger and worked making window shades and Venetian blinds, eventually starting his own company.

James A. McFadden
(13 Apr 1857 - 1894)
1857
Born in Lawrence, MA
1877
(Boston, MA, city directory) Not in this directory
1878
(Boston, MA, city directory) Jas A. McFadden as photographer, rms 149 Shaw ave; not in busn sect
1879
Boston, MA, city directory unavailable

1879
(MA Town and Vital Records) James A. McFadden and Martha J. Maiteland marry
1880
(Boston city directory) J. A. McFadden, photographer, bds 19 Buckingham; Martha McFadden, res. 19 Buckingham; Barry & McFadden, millinery, 717 Washington; Miss Julia A. Barry, r 57 Harvard;
1881
Boston, MA, city directory not available
1881
Jun 20 (Boston Post news item) Fire burns out McFadden Millinery at Green Bay, WS
1882
(Boston, MA, city directory) James A. McFadden, photographer at 6 Winter, bds 41 Buckingham (also in bus sect); Mrs J. A. McFadden of (Barry & McFadden), 717 Washington, house 41 Buckingham; (Note: his father, John McFadden, mason, also boards the same address)


1883
(Boston, MA, city directory) James A. McFadden, photographer at 6 Winter, bds 41 Buckingham (also in bus sect); Mrs J. A. McFadden, house 41 Buckingham; Miss J. A. Barry, milliner, listed in bus sect. without Mrs. McFadden
1884
(Boston, MA, city directory) (No residential section, bus sect only) James A. McFadden, photographer at 6 Winter; Miss J. A. Barry, milliner, listed in bus sect without Mrs. McFadden
1885
(Boston, MA, city directory) J. A. and Mrs. Martha McFadden are not in this directory; Miss J. A. Barry, milliner, listed in bus sect without Mrs. McFadden
1886
(Boston, MA, city directory) J. A. McFadden, res 55 Appleton, bus sect as McFadden and Shaw, photographers at 913 Washington with William F. Shaw; Mrs J. A. McFadden not listed in res sect; Miss J. A. Barry, milliner, listed in bus sect without Mrs. McFadden
1887
Boston, MA, city directory unavailable

1888
Boston, MA, city directory unavailable
1889
(Boston, MA, city directory) James A. McFadden rms 55 Appleton, listed as working at 122 Elliot but does not say what business, not shown in bus sect; Mrs McFadden not in directory res or bus sect;
William F. Shaw listed as photogrphr in the bus sect; A. A. Glines is photographer at 6 Winter
1890
(Boston, MA, city directory) James A. McFadden rms 55 Appleton (no occupation shown); Mrs. J. A. Mcfadden bds at 55 Appleton; Neither McFadden nor Shaw are listed in the business section
1891
Boston, MA, city directory unavailable
1892
(Boston, MA, city directory) James A. McFadden not listed in res or bus sect; Mrs M. J. McFadden listed as millinery goods, 581 Washington, res 8 Hollis
1893
(Boston, MA, city directory) J. A. McFadden and Mrs McFadden are not in this directory


1894
(Boston vital records) Notation of death of James A. McFadden
1894
(Boston, MA, city directory) Mrs. M. J. McFadden, millinery goods, 546 and 591 Washington, h 2 E Brookline
1895
(Boston, MA, city directory) Neither James A. or Mrs. McFadden are in this directory
1899
(Boston, MA, city directory) Neither James A. or Mrs. McFadden are in this directory

Boston, MA, city directories and the US Census of 1880 find James McFadden in Boston as a photographer from about 1878 to 1890. He appears to have been located at 6 Winter, Boston, MA, only twice, in 1882 and 1883.

Boston Globe
03 Aug 1894


Portrait
Photographer: McFarland
Star Gallery
Golden City. Mo.
Elite Gallery
Lockwood, Mo.

There were at least three photographers named McFarland in the cabinet card era. It may not be possible to pinpoint the one who had studios in Golden City and Lockwood, MO.

Golden City and Lockwood are both very small towns now, back in late 1800, they would have been even smaller. Even combined they would not have a population large enough to give a photographer a sustained income.

A photographer and camera could relocate easily and quickly. One could work out of Joplin or Springfield, MO, or most probably Pittsburg, KS and take in a number of small towns in the area by train or wagon. All three cities are within a 50 mile radius of Golden City and Lockwood.

A good guess at this point is William McFarland who was based in Pittsburg, KS, in the early 1900’s. He was active from 1900 to 1920 based at 313 ½ n Broadway in Pittsburg, KS. Tracing this life is very slow as there were many people by the name William McFarland in that era.


Cabinet Card pair with wicker chair
Photographer: McGhie
N. E. Cor. Square
Columbus, Kans.

William Everett McGhie
(4 Dec 1868 - 14 Dec 1926)

1868
Born in Ohio
1894
(1900 US Census) W. E. McGhie and Lulu Etta marry
1900
(US Census) as photographer in Columbus, KS
1910
(US Census) as photographer in Columbus, KS
1920
(US Census) as commercial salesman in Columbus, KS
1926
(Columbus, KS, city directory) as traveling in Columbus, KS
1926
(Newspaper obit) dies in Columbus, KS


Only two documents show W. E. McGhie as a photographer, the census of 1900 and 1910. After that time he is listed as salesman or traveling salesman. The photograph at the left must have been made in the decade around 1900-1910.

Columbus Daily Advocate
25 Nov 1902



Cabinet Card man.
Photographer:
F. M. McKinley
Gatesville, Texas

Frances Marion McKinley
(16 Jan 1861 - 8 Mar 1948)
Only one record establishes F. M. McKinley as a photographer in Gatesville, TX, the 1900 US Census. After that, all documents show him as a farmer in Lampasas, TX. The 1880 US Census says, at 19, he is a shepherd.

Two news items (below) show McKinley apparently worked in Osage and Waco, TX also. And group portrait cabinet card at the right shows he also worked in Moody,TX.

The cabinet card at the left was probably done between about 1890 and 1900.

Waco (TX) Morning News - 19 Sep 1893

The Waco (TX) Morning News - 19 Jan 1894

Net source on this example

Gatesville, Waco, Osage and Lampassas are within about a 40 mile radius.




This is an enhanced crop of the bottom edge of the small child portrait cabinet card showing the name and location of the studio. F. M. McKinley, Gatesville, Texas

(contributed by rfinch of Ancestry.com)


Cabinet Card 2 children
Photographer: Mendenhall
Maryville, Missouri
Cabinet Card sisters
photographer: Mendenhall and Son
Maryville, Mo.
Cabinet Card man
Photographer: Mendenhall
Maryville, Missouri
Cabinet Card man
Photographer:
Mendenhall and Son
Maryville, Missouri


Boy in dress
Photographer J. L. Merlins
Paris Texas

Nothing has been found on J. L. Merlins (or MerTins) of Paris, TX, or anywhere for that matter.

Two Children cabinet card
Photographer
F. A. Mentgen
Manager
Chicago Photo Co.



Cabinet Card small boy
Photographer: A. C. D. Miller
Henrietta, Texas

No research on A. C. D. Miller yet.

Cabinet Card Baby
Photographer: A. C. D. Miller
No location given

Cabinet Card child
Photographer: E. W. Miller
Overbrook, Kansas
Portrait
Photographer: E. W. Miller
Overbrook, Kansas
This one is not a standard cabinet card.

E. W. Miller of Overbrook, KS, was found three times in the Kansas Census: 1895, 1915 and 1925. In the 1895 census, he is listed as a photographer. In the other two he is a farmer.

In a page by page search of the 1880 US Census and the 1905 Kansas Census, he could not be found at all.

Perhaps photography was only a sideline for this photographer and perhaps photography was abandoned after a short time. There seems no way, at this time, to tell.



Cabinet Card family of four
Photographer: Miller
Cherokee, Kansas

There were a number of photographers named Miller in the late 19th century. J. H. Miller of Rock Creek, P. A. Miller of Arkansas City, J. B. Miller of Great Bend, G. H. Miller of Iola and E. E. Miller of Sylvan Grove for example.

Traveling the small towns and setting up a temporary studio for a day or a week would have been an easy routine for a photographer. One small town would not produce enough business so canvassing several small communities would be necessary to make a living income. Adding the town name in the corner of a pre-printed cabinet card blank would have been a simple enough task. If there is a city named on the card, it doesn’t necessarily mean the photographer ever actually lived there.

They could even be caught in a census if they happened to be there on the day of enumeration.

There are many small towns around Cherokee, Ks. This Miller could have been working out of Joplin, MO, which is only 25 miles southeast.


Dad with 2 girls and 2 boys
Photographer: Miller
Cooper, Texas

There were at least as many photographers named Miller in Texas as there were in Kansas. (See above)

In an account of John and Arrena Miller who in 1855 settled in the area that was to become Dennison, TX, localgirl17, on Ancestry.com says: “Four of their children—Asa C. Dayton Miller, Benjamin Jasper Miller, George Washington Miller, and James Napoleon Miller—became photographers working in numerous towns in Texas.”

In addition, Asa C. Dayton Miller had a son and a daughter that were photographers.

Since Cooper, TX, is in the area of Dennison, TX, it is safe to guess that the photograph at the left was done by Asa C. Dayton Miller or one of his siblings.


Cabinet Card child on a chair
Photographer:Miller
325 Main Street
Middletown, Conn.
Main Gallery
Birmingham, Conn.

No research on this Miller yet.

Cabinet Card little girl
Photographer: Miller and Chadbourne
Fond Du Lac, Wis

See Chadbourne listing for more information. Nothing has been found on Miller so far.


Cabinet Card couple portrait
Photographer: Miner & Dexter
44 Calhoun
Fort Wayne, Ind.

Charles Winslow Miner
(26 Jan 1865 - 22 May 1912)

1865
born in Columbia City, IN
1879 - 1890
(Ft. Wayne city directory) Not in these directories
1887
(Ft. Wayne Sentinel obit) arrives in Fort Wayne, IN
1891 - 1893
(Ft. Wayne city directory) as photographer for Felix Shanz, 112 Calhoun;
1894 May 09
(Ft. Wayne Sentinel newspaper) ad for Miner and Dexter
1895
(Ft. Wayne city directory) as photographer (Miner and Dexter) with William G. Dexter, 44 Calhoun;
1895
(Ft. Wayne Sentinel obit) opens own photograph studio

1896
(Ft. Wayne city directory) as photographer 44 Calhoun (Dexter gone)
1897 - 1901
(Ft. Wayne city directory) as photographer at 23 Wayne
1902 - 1911
(Ft. Wayne city directory) as photographer at 121 w Wayne
1912
(FindAGrave) dies, age 47 years


This cabinet card appears to have been made in that brief period that C. W. Miner was partnered with William G. Dexter, in 1894-1895.

Fort Wayne News
04 Mar 1911






Fort Wayne Journal
12 May 1894





Portrait of a man
Photographer: Scholl & Mink
715 Halsted St.
Chicago
(Also listed under SCHOLL.)

Chicago city directories for 1882, 1885, 1889 and 1991 show B. A. Mink as a photographer. A news item in the Chicago Interocean newspaper, 24 Jan 1885, shows John R. Scholl filed a bill in the circuit court against Benjamin A. Mink to dissolve co-partnership. From that evidence, the cabinet card here could have been finished between 1882 and 1885.

There is a seemingly endless array of legal notices about Mink and relatives, in law suits in Illinois, Wisconsin and Minnesota. He looks much like a bit of a flimflam artist.







Cabinet Card Child on a chair
Photographer: Monty & Co. Studio
118 Main Street
Ware, Mass.

No research on Monty & Co. Studio yet.



Cabinet Card Baby in Christening Gown
Photographer:
Moore
Potomac, Ill

By one count, there were over 60 photographers in the cabinet card era named Moore. Many of the photographers in the late 19th century seemed to move about a lot, looking for new business, so the Moore on this card could well be most of them.

Cabinet Card two boys
Photographer
W.W. Moore
Franklin, KY

W. W. Moore

William W. Moore was found in two Nashville, TN, city directories. Nashville, TN is less than 40 miles from Franklin, KY. He is listed in 1899 and 1905. In both cases he is listed in the residential section of the directory but not in the business section. This means probably that this William W. Moore was working for another photographer. W. W. Moore does not appear in any other Nashville, TN, city directory of that period.

There are 6 listings of William W. Moore, the right age, in the 1900 US Census for that area. All are farmers or laborers. There is one W. W. Moore and three listings of Walter Moore. All are laborers or Farmers.

So far no other likely candidates have emerged.



Photographer: W. H. Morhiser
567 Main St., Dubuque, IA

William H. Morhiser
(28 Mar 1844 - 20 Jan 1926)

1844
born in Dubuque, IA
1861
Dec 08 enlists in the Volunteer Infantry
1865
release from military service
1868
Sep 10 marries Mary Cheetham in Maquoketa, IA
1868 - 1871
Springfield, MO, studies photography
1870
(US Census) as photographer in Springfield, MO
1872 - 1875
Wichita Falls, TX
1876
returns to Dubuque, IA, Studio at 567 Main
1876 - 1897
Studio at 567 Main

1897 - 1903
studio at 1073 Main
1903 Feb 22
Wife Mary dies in Dubuque, IA
1904
moves back to Wichita Falls, TX to live with sister Carolyn
1909 - 1914
as photographer at 1200 Broad, Wichita Falls, TX
1918 - 1025
res 1403 12th
1926
Dies at 81 in Wichita Falls, TX

(Sources: Dubuque County IAGENWEB by Ron Seymour, Ancestry.com,
Encyclopedia Dubuque, Dubuque, IA, city directory,
US Census,
Iowa State Census)

Accounts vary on his time in Springfield, MO, and Wichita Falls, TX, between 1868 and 1876 so these dates are estimates. Also there are no city directories for those years in those cities to confirm residence.


W H Morhiser, Wife and Daughter

Morris at Pittsburgh
Photographer:
Morris
16 sixth Street, Pittsburgh

Joseph G. Morris
(21 Nov 1850 - 08 Feb 1923)

Census and city directory documents show that J. G. Morris worked as a photographer from about 1883 to 1896 at 16 6th street. About 1897 the address changes to 126 6th street, until 1912. Possibly this is not a move, just a change in the numbering. He apparently gives up photography about 1913, age 63. He manages a building and works as a sales agent for about ten years until his death in 1923.

The address on this cabinet card is 16 Sixth Street, so it must have been finished before 1897 and after 1883.


Cabinet Card Man with Beard
Cabinet Card woman and baby
Photographer: Mould
Baraboo, Wis.

No research on Mould at this time.




Cabinet Card
Photographer: H. J. Mueller
S. W. Cor. Center and Third sts.
Milwaukee, WIS
Cabinet Card
This is the reverse of the Cabinet Card on the left.
See another photo by Mueller HERE

Herman J. Mueller
(1866 - 21 Jan 1897)

1866
Born in Germany and immigrates to Wisconsin when still a baby
1880
(US Census) as 14 year old
1881
not found in directory
1882
not found in directory
1883
(Milwaukee, WI city directory) as photographer at 316 Vliet
1884
(Milwaukee, WI city directory) as photographer at 670 Island st
1885
not found in directory
1886 - 1889
(Milwaukee, WI city directory) as photographer at 720 Third st

1890 - 1894
(Milwaukee, WI city directory) as photographer at 1039 Third st
1895
not found in directory
1896
(Milwaukee, WI, city directory) as photographer at 640 Third st
1897
dies in Milwaukee, WI. At 30 years old

Streets in Milwaukee, WI, have shifted around somewhat since the late 1800’s. Third street is not MLK street. This cabinet card would probably have been done sometime after 1886 up to 1897.


Cabinet Card Man
Photographer: The Court Studio
Mullins & Gray, Proprietors
Victoria, Texas
Cor. Bridge and Constitution Streets
(Listed under Court and also Mullins.)

There are several possible photographers from the South Central Texas area in the late 1800’s that could have teamed up for the “Court Studio” in Victoria, Texas.
J. J. Mullins
Robert Mullins
James Louis Gray
H. B. Gray

John J. Mullins is found in the 1880 US Census as a photographer on Washington Street in Waco, TX. Waco is less than 50 miles from Marlin and Kosse, TX. Also in the same census is listed a Robert MILLS as the son of John J. Mullins. Whether this is a misinterpretation by the enumerator or actually the STEP son of John J. is open for speculation.
(See below)
No other Mullins connection has been found.



The newspaper clipping below does show that Mullins and Gray sold their studio to Tucker and Nichols of Syracuse, NY, in Feb of 1897.

Houston Post, 13 Feb 1897

The cabinet Card at the far left would most likely have been done before February of 1897 when they went out of business.

James Louis Gray was born 1862, in Illinois but spent most of his life in Van Alstyne, TX, which is not close to Victoria, TX, at all. It can be documented he was in Van Alstyne from 1893 through 1936.

Perhaps James L. Gray moved to the area of Victoria, TX, from Illinois and partnered with Mullins, from about 1880 to 1897. There is no documentation as yet, to show this.

Mullins and Gray sold their studio in 1897. It’s possible that Gray had already moved four years before in 1893, and Mullins just carried on the name until it sold. But that’s all just speculation.

Nothing has been found on H. B. Gray



Portrait Cabinet Card
Photographer: Robt. Mullins
Marlin & Kosse
Texas

To muddle things a bit more, the item below from the Victoria Advocate, 11 Mar 1899 shows a Robert Mullins selling HIS photography in Victoria, TX, to Mr. Rodman. (Perhaps the name on this one is Robert Mailins.)


The small town of Victoria, TX, is NOT close to the towns of Marlin and Kosse, TX.




A few additional ways to date cabinet cards

Card stock
1866–1880: square, lightweight mount
1880–1890: square, heavy weight card stock
1890s: scalloped edges

Card colors
1866–1880:
thin, light weight card stock in white, off white or light cream; white and light colours were used in later years, but generally on heavier card stock

1880–1890:
different colors for face and back of mounts

1882–1888:
matte-finish front, with a creamy-yellow, glossy back

(From WIki)

Borders
1866–1880: red or gold rules, single and double lines
1884–1885: wide gold borders
1885–1892: gold beveled edges
1889–1896: rounded corner rule of single line
1890s on: Embossed borders and/or lettering

(From Wiki)



For more information on dating Cabinet Cards see PHOTOTREE

Lettering
1866–1879 Photographer name and address often printed small and neatly just below the image, and/or studio name printed small on back.

1880s on: Large, ornate text for photographer name and address, especially in cursive style. Studio name often takes up the entire back of the card.

Late 1880s–90s Gold text on black card stock

1890s on: embossed studio name or other embossed designs

(From Wiki)


Below are the links to the alphabetized pages in the LOST GALLERY cabinet card collection.

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

There are MANY photographs on each page so they might load slowly.

Go back to THE MAIN INDEX PAGE
There are now more than 8,000 photographs in the Lost Gallery.
Or try out the NEW BACK PAGE INDEX






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